This page provides an introduction to the
flatpak command line interface,
and explains essential technical conventions as well as the most common
End users shouldn’t generally need to use this page or the Flatpak command line interface, since Flatpak can be easily used through graphical software management tools, though they are of course free to use the command line if they prefer!
The flatpak command¶
flatpak is the primary Flatpak command, to which specific commands are
appended. For example, the command to install something is
and the command to uninstall is
Flatpak identifies each application and runtime using a unique three-part
identifier, such as
com.company.App. The final segment of this address is
the object’s name, and the preceding part identifies the developer, so that
the same developer can have multiple applications, like
Typically it is sufficient to refer to objects using their ID. However, in some situations it is necessary to refer to a specific version of an object, or to a specific architecture. For example, some applications might be available as a stable and a testing version, in which case it is necessary to specify which one you want to install.
Flatpak allows architectures and versions to be specified using an object’s
identifier triple. This takes the form of
com.company.App/i386/stable. (Branch is the term used to refer
to versions of the same object.) The first part of the triple is the ID,
the second part is the architecture, and the third part is the branch.
Identifier triples can also be used to specify just the architecture
or the branch, by leaving part of the triple blank. For example,
com.company.App//stable would just specify the branch, and
com.company.App/i386// just specifies the architecture.
The Flatpak CLI provides feedback if the architecture or branch of an object needs to be specified.
System versus user¶
Flatpak commands can be run either system-wide or per-user. Applications and runtimes that are installed system-wide are available to all users on the system. Applications and runtimes that are installed per-user are only available to the users that installed them.
The same principle applies to repositories - repositories that have been added system-wide are available to all users, whereas per-user repositories can only be used by a particular user.
Flatpak commands are run system-wide by default. If you are installing applications for day-to-day usage, it is recommended to stick with this default behavior.
However, running commands per-user can be useful for testing and development
purposes, since objects that are installed in this way won’t be available
to other users on the system. To do this, use the
--user option, which
can be used in combination with most
Commands behave in exactly the same way if they are run per-user rather than system-wide.
This section covers basic commands needed to install, run and manage Flatpak
applications. For the full list of Flatpak commands, run
or see the Flatpak Command Reference.
To list the remotes that you have configured on your system, run:
$ flatpak remotes
This gives a list of the existing remotes that have been added. The list indicates whether each remote has been added per-user or system-wide.
Add a remote¶
The most convenient way to add a remote is by using a
which includes both the details of the remote and its GPG key:
$ flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://dl.flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
flathub is the local name that is given to the remote. The URL
points to the remote’s
--if-not-exists stops the
command from producing an error if the remote already exists.
Remove a remote¶
To remove a remote, run:
$ flatpak remote-delete flathub
In this case,
flathub is the remote’s local name.
Applications can be found in any of your remotes using the
command. For example:
$ flatpak search gimp
Search will return any applications matching the search terms. Each search
result includes the application ID and the remote that the application is
in. In this example, the search term is
To install an application, run:
$ flatpak install flathub org.gimp.GIMP
flathub is the name of the remote the application is to be installed
org.gimp.GIMP is the ID of the application.
Sometimes, an application will require a particular runtime, and this will be installed prior to the application.
The details of the application to be installed can also be provided by a
.flatpakref file, which can be either remote or local. To specify a
.flatpakref instead of manually providing the remote and application
$ flatpak install https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.gimp.GIMP.flatpakref
.flatpakref file specifies that the application is to be installed
from a remote that hasn’t already been added, you will be asked whether to
add it before the application is installed.
Since Flatpak 1.2, the
install command can search for applications. A
$ flatpak install gimp
will confirm the remote and application and proceed to install.
Once an application has been installed, it can be launched using the
command and its application ID:
$ flatpak run org.gimp.GIMP
To update all your installed applications and runtimes to the latest version, run:
$ flatpak update
List installed applications¶
To list the applications and runtimes you have installed, run:
$ flatpak list
Alternatively, to just list installed applications, run:
$ flatpak list --app
Remove an application¶
To remove an application, run:
$ flatpak uninstall org.gimp.GIMP
Flatpak has a few commands that can help you to get things working again when something goes wrong.
To remove runtimes and extensions that are not used by installed applications, use:
$ flatpak uninstall --unused
To fix inconsistencies with your local installation, use:
$ flatpak repair
Flatpak also has a number of commands to manage the portal permissions of
installed apps. To reset all portal permissions for an app, use
$ flatpak permission-reset org.gimp.GIMP
To find out what changes have been made to your Flatpak installation over time, you can take a look at the logs (since 1.2):
$ flatpak history